This plant has 2 growth phases, making a large rosette of pointed leaves in the first year, rising to an impressive flowering candelabrum in the spring to summer of the second year.
Traditional herbal tea medicine uses include: ear oil, cough medicine, bronchial treatment.
This is the most productive and best respected species to grow for flower production, and is an unparalleled nectar producer for honeybees and native pollinators.
Plant prefers disturbed soil, will grow in clay, gravel or loam, likes full sun and requires only moderate water. The seeds are light-dependent germinators. Sow in spring by sprinkling on soil surface and tamp securely, then keep warm, evenly moist and in the light until germination, which is rapid. Thin or transplant to 2 feet apart.